MAMMALS

START WITH SCIENCE KITS

Science Programs for Children Ages 4 and 5

Objectives

  • To introduce children to mammals.
  • To have each child able to define mammals by two or more characteristics.
  • To expose children to various mammal footprints.
  • To have each child able to identify at least two common, non-domestic mammals.
  • To introduce children to the names of animal offspring.

Books : (In kit)

  • A Little Hedgehog by Rosalee Wren
  • A Mammal is an Animal by Lizzy Rockwell
  • Actual Size by Steve Jenkins
  • The Clue is in the Poop by Andy Seed
  • Whose Ears? by Jeannette Rowe
  • Whose Nose? by Jeannette Rowe
  • Whose Feet? by Jeannette Rowe

Equipment : (In kit)

  • 1     Container of 23 pairs of mammal rubber finger puppets
    Gorilla, Bonobo, Orangutan, Chimpanzee, Bison, Pig, Elephant, Dog, Warthog, Panda Bear, Bobcat, Camel, Black Bear, Rhinoceros, Brown Bear, Black Sheep, Giraffe, Lion, Fox, Panther, Cat, Rabbit, Leopard
  • 2     Boxes of animal track stamps with 12 each
  • 4     Stamp Pads
  • 1     Keychain with mammal footprints
  • 1     Hedgehog puppet (Can be turned inside out)
  • 1     Tape Measure
  • 1     Animal Smell Game Sheet

REPRODUCIBLES           
“Copycat Pages” from Ranger Rick
Mammal Facts
Mammal Word Search

Bookmarks : (In kit)

Paper copies of the bookmark are included in the kit. PDF and JPEG copies are available here.

  • PDF – 4 bookmarks per page. Ready to print in color.

Program

  • Objectives
    • To introduce children to mammals.
    • To have each child able to define mammals by two or more characteristics.
    • To expose children to various mammal footprints.
    • To have each child able to identify at least two common, non-domestic mammals.
    • To introduce children to the names of animal offspring.
  • Introduction
    • What are mammals? (Warm-blooded, feed the young on mother’s milk, have backbones, have hair)
    • Are there any mammals in the room? (Yes, humans are mammals.)
    • What are some ways we can identify different mammals? (Color of hair/fur, size, habitat, footprints, etc.)
  • Program
    • Read: A Mammal is an Animal by Lizzy Rockwell. Discuss the ways we classify mammals, what animals we know about or own (or ourselves).
    • Read: Actual Size by Steve Jenkins. You can decide if you only want to read about the mammals or if you want to include the insects, reptiles, etc.  Take out the tape measure to show the ACTUAL SIZE of the animals.  The bear can be measured against a wall or on the floor!  It is pretty cool to compare the sizes of the full animals.  You can use tape on the floor to get the full comparisons, or a chart with squares for the children to fill in.  (It can be one that everyone sees, or the chart that they take home.  One Square = One Foot.)
    • Hand out the mammal rubber finger puppets. There are two of every animal (46 heads), so you should be able to handle any size crowd for this exercise.  NOTE: The gorilla, orangutan, chimpanzee, and bonobo are hard to distinguish unless you look at a picture.  Look at a picture.  One of each pair, except gorilla, are labeled inside.
    • Ask the children what they know about their animals, if anything. Read some of the facts from The Clue is in the Poop by Andy Seed. (Poop Pages 6-9; Footprint pages 20, 24-27)  NOTE: Pick out your clues ahead of time!!!  This is an opportunity to name the young (baby) mammals as you go over some of the facts about mammals.
    • Names of young (baby) mammals
      • Calf – cattle, elephant, antelope, rhino, hippo, whale
      • Cub – lion, bear, shark
      • Fawn – deer
      • Foal – horse, zebra
      • Heifer – cow
      • Joey – kangaroo
      • Kid – goat
      • Kit – fox, beaver, rabbit
      • Kitten – cat
      • Lamb – sheep
      • Piglet – pig
      • Pup – dog, seal, fox
    • Read: The Little Hedgehog by Rosalee Wren. Take out the Hedgehog Puppet and show the children the puppet as you read the book.
    • Read: Whose Feet? OR Whose Nose? OR Whose Ears? as a silly and noisy activity. (Let them guess their answers out loud!)
  • Activities
    • OPTIONAL: Play the “Animal Smell Game” with the children. Pass around the containers with the substances in them, and see if they can figure out what each is.  OR  Have the containers on a table, with the cards of different animals (depending on the ages of the participants) for them to simply think about and guess as an activity while waiting to stamp out the footprints.
    • Art Activity: Have the children use the stamp pads with the footprint stamps.
    • Handouts: Hand each child a Mammal Word Search paper, a mammal fact page and the two Ranger Rick pages. (All are optional – your choice.)

Evaluation

Please print this evaluation, complete it and return to MVLS in the SWS red envelope.

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